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Monitoring Mission report - Mana Pools, Sapi and Chewore Safari
Areas (Zimbabwe) 9-15 January 2011
IUCN and UNESCO
January 15, 2012
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From 9 to 15
January 2011, a joint UNESCO World Heritage Centre/IUCN reactive
monitoring mission visited the area in and around Mana Pools National
Park and Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas (MPSC); World Heritage property
in Zimbabwe; in accordance with Decision 34 COM 7B.7, adopted by
the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010).
looked into the potential impact of reported mining and tourism
infrastructure developments in and around the property. The main
conclusions and recommendations are summarized below.
On the basis
of the information gathered, the mission concludes that the Outstanding
Universal Value (OUV) of the property is currently being maintained
but could be compromised in the future, in particular regarding
criterion vii, in the event of uncontrolled or uncoordinated socioeconomic
developments, in particular open cast mining and tourism activities.
The OUV integrity also relies on the condition that the waters of
the Zambezi River in its eastern stretches in Zambia and Zimbabwe
are kept free from downstream impacts of mining.
in Zimbabwe and Zambia, the mission received confirmation of past
exploration and the potential for future mining in the Zambian protected
areas adjacent to the Property; and of the planned Hotel development
in the Chiawa GMA in Zambia and two planned lodge developments in
Mana Pools NP.
recommends that in view of possible future mining in the Zambian
protected areas, the environmental policies should be strictly followed
and monitored; and that special regulations are required to protect
the Zambezi River from overburden and drainage from mine activities,
with strategic monitoring to detect pollutants related to mining
operations and the mining operations charged with removing impacts
and sources; that for mining outside protected areas but in the
catchment of the Lower Zambezi, precautionary measures should be
taken to ensure no mining pollution occurs; and that regular monitoring
for pollutants originating from mining operations in the same section
of the Zambezi River is required to identify their origin.
In view of the
development of tourism, the mission recommends that controls on
levels of tourism and other uses of facilities (particularly the
lodges, and especially for conferencing) should be strictly maintained
to limit traffic and disturbance in the Zambian protected areas
and reduce impacts on local people, biodiversity and on the World
Heritage site across the Zambezi River; in adherence to ZAWA, ECZ
and other regulations and should be regularly monitored.
cross-border coordination and rationalization of socio-economic
activities such as fishing, low-impact tourism, and boat traffic
in the Zambezi River valley should be discussed and standardized
according to the policies and regulations of both countries and
both countries' wildlife area management plans.
It is also recommended
to facilitate regular cross-border meetings of the protected area
managers to solve immediate problems and on-going issues to do with
the biodiversity and environment of the Zambezi Valley in the area
also notes that the recommendations of Decision 34 7B.7 remain relevant,
in particular the request to submit documents regarding planned
mining and other socio-economic developments in the Property or
areas adjacent to the Property, in Zambia and Zimbabwe; and the
request to increase collaboration, where the mission recommends
to undertake a joint process of strategic environmental assessment
(SEA) to inform an eventual joint management plan of the Middle
Zambezi valley. The mission reiterates the recommendation of the
World Heritage Committee (1984) that Zambia consider nominating
the Lower Zambezi National Park.
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